The front has two daisy chains on the outer pocket the vertical-zipper outside-accessible pocket is on the left the ice axe/trekking pole upper retainers are elastic cord with a cord lock for adjustability and a quick-release the main and bottom compartment are separated by a zippered flap, but there are small gaps at each end of the zipper. This is more separated than the typical 'flap and straps' method, but potentially less strong since it relies on the zipper strength. mesh water bottle pockets on each side ice axe loops are above to bottom compartment zipper so they don't block it. bottom compartment straps only cover the 'door' and do not extend around the bottom of the pack (cannot carry anything onthe bottom of the pack) there is a small reflective strap/loop about 1.5" long on the front of the bottom. You could clip something to it bottom is a heavier nylon material than the rest of the pack, but not a 'smooth' impervious kind the rain cover is accessed on the rear of the pack (by your butt) in a zippered compartment. It is removable, held on by a strap and slider. shoulder straps are decently padded an comfortable; they have permanent D-rings attached. sternum strap is easily height adjustable, has an elastic portion, and the buckle is also a whistle waist belt is decently padded, but is a single adjustment type (no mechanical advantage like newer Gregory or Osprey packs) waist belt has zippered pockets on each side. The pockets are close to the kidney area, even on a smaller waist, but still accessible. On a large waist, i would not count on being able to use them easily, but you could add pockets to the webbing part of the belt.